Between the time this book was started and the time it was completed, the global recession began. As a result, this book moved in a somewhat different direction than older books dealing with software engineering. Due to the recession, the book now includes material on dealing with layoffs and downsizing; on the changing economic balance between the United States and other countries; and on the economics of software
during a recessionary period.
Software engineering was not immediately affected by the financial crisis and the recession when it started in 2008, but as time passed, venture funds began to run out. Other forms of financing for software companies became difficult, so by the middle of 2009, software engineering positions were starting to be affected by lay-offs Specialty positions such as quality assurance and technical writing have been affected even more severely, since such positions are often the first to go during economic downturns.